What are the types of packaging materials?

The packaging of products is vital for each and every type of industry. Whether you are in the food industry, clothes fabrication industry, or in the technology industry, a good packaging system is a must as it keeps your products safe and protects from any potential damage. Different industries require a different form of packages according to their products. Some most commonly used packaging materials are:

Paper and Board

Packages created using paper and board include cartons, labels, tubes, leaflets, corrugates cases, rigid boxes, and pulp packs. Paper is, and its board is widely used because it is the most affordable material, keeps its shape, and is easily decorated. Commercially-available paper is manufactured from cellulose fiber from pulped wood, but it could also be created from all recyclable sources like cotton, straw, sisal, hemp, etc. The lamination of the paper increases its strength and improves barrier properties.


Glass is a very important and useful material because of the so many benefits it provides with its packaging. It is inert, sustainable, and highly recyclable. It also works as a barrier against moisture and gas. Its transparent material makes the items kept in it visible. It could be constructed into a variety of different shapes, given different colors, sparkle, and can be made heat and shock-resistant.


The most commonly used metal packaging material is aluminum, which is used to make food and drink cans, aerosols cans, tubes, drums, closures, trays, tubs, etc. A metal is a solid and rigid material that also is pressure-resistant and acts as a barrier to gas and moisture. It is also sterilizable and could easily be labeled.


Plastic is the most widely used packing material in the world because of its light nature and affordable manufacturing. It is impact-resistant and could be molded into unlimited shapes. From plastics, rigid containers or flexible films can be created as well. There is a wide variety of plastics used for packaging, including Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polyvinylchloride, Polystyrene, Polyvinylidene chloride, and many others as well, each plastic packaging is suitable for different products.


Foam is also commonly used for the packaging of different items like household products, TV’s glasses, and then they are kept in cardboard boxes and plastics. It saves your product from any sharp edges and getting destroyed.

What is packaging in agriculture?

Agriculture packaging is the packaging of all types of food after harvesting. The food after collection is wrapped and contained in some kind of material that will keep it safe during transport, storage, and distribution. It protects the food from damage due to the impact or crushing, or contamination from insects, microorganisms, or affected from moisture, odor, and air. Packaging commonly prevents the food items from losing its value, its volume through leakage or spillage, or its quality from spoiling.

What are the characteristics of packaging?

Poor handling and inadequate packaging process after the harvesting procedure can lead to mechanical damages to the product. Proper packaging not only decreases bruising and crushing but also improves the trading of the products, reduce the moisture loss, prevents contamination of the items with spoilage microorganisms, and maintains a sanitary environment during marketing.

The 4 essential characteristics of packaging are to contain, to secure, to communicate, and to trade the product.

  • The packaging of any item makes the handling easier. Even it is convenient for a single person to handle the product quickly.
  • The packaging is essential during transport, loading, and unloading. It saves from the pressure during stacking. With consequent weight and appearance loss, it also keeps the item protected from moisture and water loss. The packages also keep the product protected from heat and fumigation.
  • With the help of different packages, it is easy to identify products with a label of a country and origin, volume, type of product that are printed on it.
  • The quality of every type of items remains protected in packages. The packages make it easy to market or advertise the item. It enhances the speed and efficiency of marketing.

What are the methods of food packaging?

There is a wide variety of methods for food packaging. Here we will discuss the most essential food packaging methods:

Home Canned Foods

The oldest method of food packaging in homes is the use of home canning, according to the National Center for Home Food Preservation. In glass jars, fruits and vegetables are stored and sealed. The sealing is done by heating the jars, and then a rubber top is placed in it. Home canning was one of the earliest methods of storing foods in large quantities, specifically in rural areas. It was ensured that the jars were adequately cleaned, and the fruits and vegetables were cooked correctly before the canning. To prevent the growth of botulism, it was guaranteed that the seals were airtight.

Freezing Food

Freezing is another widespread method of food packaging. Foods remain preserved when they are frozen, it extends their shelf-life. Vegetables, fruits, corns, and berries stand well to freezing. The package should be airtight to save it from freeze burn that can deteriorate the food.

Canned Food

Canning food is the food processing methods used since the 1800s. In the history of canned foods, lead was used to line the cans and seal the top of the cans. But the use of lead resulted in mortality due to lead poisoning. The canning of food prevents it from E. coli contamination. There is a wide variety of canned foods ranging from meat, vegetables, fruits, refrigerated bread dough, etc. The improved technology of canned foods has expanded the food packaging industry.

Foil Packaging

Foil packaging is one of the latest methods of food packaging. The innovative foil wraps are actually filled with pouches that are sealed with a heat seal. Dried fruits, baked food, grain items are adequately wrapped in the foil packages.

Nano Technology

Nanotechnology is an advanced innovation in the food packaging industry. The use of nanotechnology makes the packages thinner and biodegradable. This technology utilizes such materials that decrease the food gases, which degrades the quality of food. With the help of this technology, your food remains fresher for a long time.

What are the five functions of packaging?

The five most important functions of packaging are the following:

  • Packaging of items ensures the safety of products from heat, light, moisture, evaporation, insects, microorganisms, any mechanical damages, etc. The security of the items is ensured. The products remain in their best quality in their packages until they are handed over to the customers.
  • The symbol printing has become more accessible due to the packaging. Symbol printing helps you in the identification of the required item. Consumers can easily find and indicate the necessary details.
  • In the marketing system, the storing of products has become more comfortable because of the convenient packaging system. The stocks are stored in the stores conveniently, consuming very less space.
  • The packaging of items has become a useful service in the matter of sales promotion. Packaging acts as a tool that increases sales by its attractive designs, styles, and colors. The attractive packages attract more clients towards the product.
  • Foreign transportation is one of the most important functions of packaging. Efficient and robust packaging keeps the product safe from all types of hazards during transport.

What are the main objectives of packaging?

The significant objectives of the packaging of different products include:

  • The main goal of packing any item is to protect it from all kinds of damages. It preserves the quality of the item from any destruction that can happen during climatic conditions, spilling, mishandling, or evaporation.
  • The packaging of the products facilitates the storing of items until they are used.
  • Packaging provides details of the product to be sell. The product and manufacturer of the product are easily identified. There are even details of the ingredients, directions to use it, price, expiration, and manufacturing date. Everyone is there in the package.
  • All the products are differentiated with the help of the packaging. The same products manufactured by different companies can easily be distinguished.
  • Packaging helps in the advertising of items. Ideas could be printed; messages could be forwarded with different sales promotion schemes with the help of various packages.
  • It is convenient to handle, distribute, and store the product in packages during transport.

What is purpose of food packaging?

The primary purpose of the packaging of food is the prevent the shelf life of it, as the food remains preserved in the packages for a long time. The food also remains protected from the attack of microorganisms, pests, or bird and insect attacks. The attractive packages attract the consumers towards the product.

What is packaging and its function?

The packaging is the activity of fabrication and creation of the box or wrapper of the product. It is an effective sales technique as well that encourages the clients to buy their products. It works as a powerful medium for sales advertising. Even a simple packaging offers convenience, ease of handling, and protection of the product. Following are the essential functions of packaging:

  • It protects the content kept inside it and acts as a barrier against the dust, dirt, heat, light, insects, microorganisms, etc. The content remains secure from leakage, evaporation, contamination, watering as well.
  • The identification of products is more accessible with different packages. A package is the item’s personality, as well as its reality. No matter where, when, or under which circumstances you see the product, you will undoubtedly identify the product with its package.
  • There are hundreds of packages with different sizes, shapes, colors, designs, grades, measures, types that influence weight, size, and dimensions. The packaging aids in allowing the product mix easily for the clients.
  • The attractive packages act as a great promotional tool for the sales of different items.

What is the importance of packaging?

Packaging plays an essential role; it is equally important as the product. Even in an average supermarket, there are 30,000 to 40,000 items, which means that there is a fierce competition of packages in the market. Packaging influences the customers to buy a product. In this advanced world, it not only plays the role of the protection of products from mechanical damage and environmental hazards but also works as a promotional technique of selling the item. Following points will further guide you about the importance of the packaging:

Guidelines to the Clients

In different packages, there are guidelines for the customers that satisfy them about the product they are buying. If it’s a food item, there will be details of the ingredients used in it, as well as the recipe. If it is an electronic item, there will be a guideline of how to use it or the picture attached in it that will show how it is joined or structured.

Facilitates for Carrying and Transportation

Packaging plays a crucial role in carrying and transporting goods from one place to another. The different sizes provide provisions for convenient and open carrying.


As the risks of packaging are decreased, packaging also helps in reducing the cost of marketing. The packaging is beneficial for sales promotion as it attracts the buyers and attains the economy.

Protection of Products

The packaging of any type of item saves it from heat, light, moisture, dust, breakage, spilling, spoilage, evaporation, leakage, mechanical damage, etc.

Why is packaging needed?

Packaging of any product is necessary since the beginning as it protects the food and keeps its freshness maintained. The products remain protected from environmental hazards as well as mechanical breakages. Apart from this most essential task of protection, packaging also plays a very critical role in a business function. It basically acts as a promotional tool. It communicates all the details of the items to the consumers and helps them in making the right decision. It is an advantage for those business persons who can think of new ideas for promoting their product. Also, it is easier to differentiate the products when you go to the super mart. There are hundreds of different items there, even some same items but with different brands. Everyone has their own favorite brand, and they want to buy the product from their favorite brand. The packaging is also vital when you have to carry a product. Also, when you have to move it from one place to another, and also have to pass through long distances. The right packages keep the product well protected throughout the journey.